The Muscle pain It can be perceived in different ways: pain, pressure, burning, puncture, perforation, etc.
Here we try to understand what are the causes of muscle pain and its symptoms. What to do to prevent it and which doctor to contact if we cannot find a solution for the pain.
What do we have to know about muscle pain?
Think about the last time you felt Muscle pain. We are sure it was fairly recent. Maybe your muscles ached after exercising, you had back pain after sleeping, leg pain after a long day at the office ...
Muscle pain is called myalgia and it is very common. There are muscles in almost every part of our body, so pain can be felt anywhere. Most of the time, muscle aches go away on their own, but there are pains that last a long time.
¿Why does a person feel muscle pain?
According to statistics, around 2% of people around the world constantly feel muscle aches due to the fact that they have developed a persistent muscle spasm. This is our body's response to improper body position or stress.
The most common form of myalgia is fibromyalgia, which occurs in fibrous tendons, ligaments, and muscles. Insomnia is another problem for people with muscle pain. 2/3 of these patients complain to a neurologist of morning drowsiness and asthenic syndrome.
As usual, the Fibromyalgia is more common in women and affects the neck, the back of the head, the shoulders, the muscles near the knee joints, and the chest.
Muscles can also hurt if you have inflammation of the muscle fibers (myositis). Myositis often comes after an infectious disease.
If the leg muscles hurt, the cause may be flat feet, which the person does not even know. The arches of the feet become flat, the legs become "heavy," and it becomes increasingly difficult to walk due to pain in the lower legs.
The abnormal work of the blood vessels can also negatively affect the muscles. Blood flows poorly and enters the tissues. Muscle pain increases after lack of sleep, physical and emotional stress, hypothermia, or chronic illness.
Pain also appears with trombphlebitis and the atherosclerosis. In this case, the person will feel a burning sensation in the affected veins. The pain syndrome also causes osteochondrosis and overweight.
Symptoms of muscle pain
Muscle pain in the cervical spine
Pain in the cervical spine can be constant or it can appear when turning or tilting the head. The cause can be osteochondrosis, muscle tension, infections, injuries, and even cancer.
If the pain is caused by muscle tension, the discomfort may reach the shoulder, upper back (high lats), and arms. In fact, with muscular tension in the cervicals, you can notice muscle cramps, headaches, dizziness, vertigo and tinnitus.
Cervical dizziness can also be caused by a pathology called cervical osteochondrosis. Osteochondrosis is an age-related natural deformation of the cartilage and bones of the cervical spine. This is a very common pathology that affects approximately 90% in people over 65 years of age.
The most effective way to get rid of cervical dizziness is through manual therapies such as chiromassage, osteopathy or physical therapy, as they help to normalize muscle tone and remove tension.
Muscle pain in the back (high lats, low lats, lumbar)
The back muscles often cause problems for people who work in the office and / or sit for a long time. Back muscle pain can be caused by a pathology of the spine, muscle overload, injury or myositis. However, sometimes the back muscles can also hurt due to anatomical features of other parts of the body (flat feet, pelvic deviation, short and long leg).
The best way to relax the muscles of the back is to combine rest with passive relaxation techniques (taking a hot sea salt bath or applying a heat cream for muscle pain) and active, such as chiro massage or other manual techniques that act directly on the damaged muscle.
How to differentiate between back pain and kidney pain? The doctor taps the lower back with the edge of the palm of the hand. If the problem is in the kidneys, you will feel a dull internal pain.
Muscle pain in the chest
What do we think of first when we have chest pain? Of course, about the heart. But, in fact, most of the time it is muscle pain not associated with the heart. So in this section we will talk about non-cardiac problems.
The sternum is the anterior central bone of the thoracic skeleton, to which the upper pairs of ribs are attached with the help of cartilage. In this part of the body pain appears regularly.
Pain in the pectoral muscles can come from exercise, jerky movements, heavy lifting, improper sustained position, hypothermia, or a combination of the above.
During observation, the specialist identifies spasmodic muscles and sore spots. It is evaluated whether the pain intensifies or weakens when the patient changes body position, raises / lowers or withdraws / extends the arms. In case of muscle tension and myofascial tension syndromes, it is recommended to do therapeutic massage sessions to relax and tone the affected muscles. Certainly, daily physical activity and a gradual load on the muscles are recommended.
Muscle pain in the abdomen and groin
The technical term for muscle pain in the abdomen is abdominal pain syndrome. We often think that abdominal pain is associated with some kind of problem in the internal organs. However, in most cases the discomfort we feel comes from muscle pain.
Why does pain in the abdominal muscles appear? Muscle pain in the abdomen is usually due to spasm, a defense mechanism when the abdominal wall is tight. This spasm occurs when there is inflammation or injury.
The hip muscles, which converge in the groin area, can also hurt. The groin muscles hurt if there is an injury to the adductors. If a person does not play sports, this muscle is very loose. If groin muscle tension is treated incorrectly, it can lead to such a negative consequence as a inguinal hernia. Therefore, do not self-medicate, consult a specialist.
Muscle pain in arms and legs
If the muscles in your legs hurt, the cause may be trauma, problems with the joints, with the spine, with the blood vessels or the muscles themselves. This pain occurs when walking, after playing sports or even at rest.
If you're constantly sitting or standing at work, your leg pain can be throbbing, dull, or aching. This type of muscle pain appears because blood stagnates in the veins of the lower extremities.
If you have thrombophlebitis (a disease of the veins and arteries), you may notice burning in the calf muscles. With atherosclerosis, the legs hurt when walking, and at rest the pain decreases. When your legs hurt with thrombophlebitis, it is better to rest and stay in bed, place a cushion or pillow under your legs and contact the doctor. In no case should you use a cream for muscle aches, rub your leg or massage.
If the leg muscles are sore due to spinal problems, osteopathic techniques can be very helpful in opening the spaces between the vertebrae, relaxing the ligaments, and stretching the tight muscles.
If muscle pain in the legs is associated with an injury, it is better not to move, take a painkiller and consult with the doctor.
The causes of muscle pain in the arms are sprains, inflammation or rheumatism. The muscles in your arm can also be sore from the flu. In case of injury, it is necessary to immobilize the limb; if the tendons are inflamed or rheumatism, doctors prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and advise doing recovery sessions.
Anti-inflammatory drugs for muscle pain
If a person has a torn ligament, muscle, or tendon, the pain it will be unbearable; in this case, you should immediately consult a doctor and take a pain reliever. Pain due to physical exertion or after exercise can be worrisome for several days. If the muscles ache from age and chronic disease, the pain often becomes chronic.
If you suffer from specific muscle pain, you can take medications such as ibuprofen, paracetamol or gelocatil without medical consultation. You can also use a gel or balm based on arnica and comfrey, diclofenac, ketoprofen, or methylsulfonylmethane (MSM). Here You can find a more detailed list of anti-inflammatory drugs with opinions on them.
When to see a doctor for muscle aches
When muscle pain is very intense or persists for more than five days, it is advisable to contact a doctor. If the affected area has swelling and a different color to the skin tone, it is also advisable to consult a doctor. With this, serious cases can be ruled out and appropriate treatment recommended.
Manual therapies as a solution for muscle pain
A chiropractor and osteopath first looks at the joints and determines their mobility. Then evaluate the curvature of the spine, the state of the muscles and find the pain points to determine the appropriate maneuvers. The specialist helps to eliminate pain: relieves muscle tension, eliminates joint locks, seals and corrects pathological changes in tendons, ligaments and muscles.
Manual therapy is a deep massage, the main task of which is to restore correct joint mobility and relieve muscle pain. Manual therapy helps relieve cervical pain, pain in the back, legs and arms.
It is important to note that manual techniques will not stop an inflammatory process. Therefore, you still have to take other measures such as those described above. On the other hand, the drugs will not change the defects in the joints and muscles. The main thing is for the patient to change his lifestyle, learn to fully rest, eat well (here you can find our article on products that help reduce muscle pain) and go to a professional to treat those pathologies that require direct action on the muscle, tendon, ligament or joint.
In our chiromassage center Barcelona Lorem Massage & Wellness we can offer you therapeutic massages to solve problems of overload, tension and muscle pain.
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